There is no need to emphasise the importance of cereal cultivation for Greece. Greece, a mountainous country with a Mediterranean climate, could not feed all of its population; thus since antiquity, its major cities, imported the most of the wheat needed.
The lack of goods turned Greeks to explore foreign lands, led them to colonize the entire Mediterranean and the Black Sea and echo the Greek civilization to humanity.
With liberation at the beginning of the last century, Greece faced again the same problem and by 1930 imported almost 2/3 of the wheat which consumed from abroad. Fortunately, with the introduction and creation of more productive varieties, and the use of the latest techniques, coupled with appropriate agro-economic policy and development, the issue resolved and Greece is now producing more wheat than it needs for its market.